Sleep talking (also known as somniloquy) is a sleep disorder characterized by talking during sleep without the person being aware of it. It can involve long and complicated dialogues to simple mumbling or incomprehensible words. It can occur in just about anyone, but seems to be more common in males and children. Most often, sleep talking occurs sporadically, and is relatively short lived in occurrence. Sleep talking can be triggered by stress, depression, sleep deprivation, fatigue and daytime drowsiness, as well as alcohol. There are many instances in which this "runs in the family". It is also found to occur concurrently with other sleep disorders such as Sleep Apnea, Nightmares, REM Behavior Disorder. In more rare instances (and particularly with adult onset and frequent occurrence), sleep talking can be associated with some psychiatric disorders or even nocturnal seizure disorder. Sleep talking is considered severe when episodes occur nightly and contribute to obvious interruption of the bed partner's sleep. Moderate severely cased occur more than once a week, but less than nightly, causing mild disturbance to the bed partner. Mild sleep talking occurs less than weekly. In general, no treatment is necessary for sleep talking. However in severe cases of for extended, chronic occurrence, it is helpful to discuss with your medical provider of sleep specialist. It is important here to evaluate and treat any possible underlying medical cause (undiagnosed sleep disorder, debilitating stress or anxiety, nocturnal seizures etc). Certain measures can be taken to reduce the likelihood of a sleep talking episode. It is important to keep a regular sleep and wake schedule, obtain sufficient sleep, and practice good sleep hygiene. Refraining from alcohol, heavy meals, and practicing some relaxation therapy may help manage the anxiety and stress. For the bed partner, ear plugs may help also.